An official language of Canada and of numerous other countries around the world, French is a language currently used by many international organizations. The first language of many Canadians, it can be useful in fields of business, travel and communication.



Bachelor of Arts with Major in French

The program for the French major comprises a total of 45 hours (15 x 3hr credits), made up of specific and non-specific requirements, which aim to achieve a balance between individual interests and a well-rounded knowledge of relevant material.  The specific requirements include courses in both language (2013/2023 and 2713 or 3733) and literature and culture (2113/2123).  The non-specific requirements stipulate that students must have at least one three (3) hour course in French-Canadian/Acadian studies, one three (3) hour course in French or francophone literatures, one three (3) hour course in language practice, and then twenty-one (21) additional hours at the 3000/4000 level, with a minimum of 6 hours at the 4000 level.

Students who begin their studies in Fran 1213/23 can readily complete a Major in French, although for students entering in 2004 and subsequently, this course will not count towards the Major (except with departmental permission). It is possible, though more difficult, to complete a major if you begin your French studies in Fran 1113/23. Speak to the section coordinator as early as possible if this is your situation.

1. 2013/2023, 2113/2123, 2713 or 3733

2. 3h from 3323, 3513, 3523, 3633, 3643, 4613 (Canadian)

3. 3h from: 3133, 3203, 3213, 3333, 3353, 3703, 4503, 4713, 4813, 4823, 4913, 4923 (Fr. Lit.)

4. 3h from 2033, 3013, 3023, 4003 (Adv. Lang.)

5. 15h at the 3000/4000 level, with a minimum of 6h at the 4000 level

6. 6h chosen in consultation with the department (45h)

Link to Flowchart: year by year study


Bachelor of Arts with Honours in French

Honours students have to maintain a grade of at least B- in all courses and complete a program similar to the major, but with a higher minimum number of courses (54 hrs) and an Honours thesis, usually completed during the last year of study under the supervision of a director chosen jointly by the student and the section. In recent years, the section has approved theses in a variety of areas including linguistic topics, literary and cultural themes, translation, Acadian cultural studies and modern song from Quebec.These subjects reflect the diversity of interests of both our professors and our honours students. If you want to go on to an, Honours is an option you should seriously consider, since it is your first opportunity to do original research and present it both in writing and orally.

1. Fran 2013/2023, 2113/2123, 2713 or 3733, 4103, 4996

2. 3h from 3323, 3513, 3523, 3633, 3643, 4613 (Canadian)

3. 3h from 3133, 3203, 3213, 3333, 3353, 3703, 4503, 4713, 4813, 4823, 4913, 4923 (Fr. Lit.)

4. 3h from 2033, 3013, 3023, 4003 (Adv. Lang.)

5. 15h at the 3000/4000 level, with a minimum of 6h at the 4000 level

6. 6h chosen in consultation with the department (54h)



Double Major in French and in another field

The double major is an interesting opportunity to develop your linguistic skills and learn another subject at the same time. We currently have students combining French with Political Science, Spanish, Biology, German and History. In many cases, efforts are made by the section to offer courses that may prove useful for particular combinations.

As with the major in French, you have to complete the Arts Core courses and then fulfill the requirements for a major in French; the double major program means that your choice of electives will be reduced, since you will have to take courses in your other major area. The only difference is that, instead of a total of 45 hrs, you will only do 42 hrs in French (18 additional hours instead of 21).

A double major necessarily calls for more careful planning than a single major, particularly since some courses both in French and in your other field (if not some core requirements) may have to be taken abroad. Please consult with the section coordinator as soon as you feel you may be interested in doing a double major.


Bachelor of Business Administration with Major in French


Basic courses for a BBA depend upon the School of Business. Students wishing to do a BBA with a major in French arts strongly advised to take Fran 1213/1223 (or an equivalent) in the 1st year. Compulsory courses include Fran 2003 in addition to basic courses required for the major, and the total number of hours to be completed in French is 42.

Study abroad may be in year 3 or year 4, and will normally take place at the ICN, a highly competitive business school which is part of the Université de Nancy. Nancy is the thriving capital city of the Lorraine region in France. Nancy is also close to Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the European parliament in Strasbourg.

For students who indicate their wish to do a BBA with major in French after year 2 (and normally with a minimal GPA of 3.0), the program will be determined jointly by the Department of Languages and Literatures and the School of Business, final supervision resting with a joint committee. In some cases, work abroad programs may be substituted for purely academic training. Please consult further with the section coordinator.


1. 2013/2023, 2113/2123, 2713 or 3733

2. 2003 Business French

3. 3h from: 3323, 3513, 3523, 3633, 3643, 4613 (Canadian)

4. 3h from: 2033, 3013, 3023, 4003 (Adv. Lang.)

5. 12h at the 3000/4000 level, with a minimum of 6h at the 4000 level (42h)

French credits are normally transferred from foreign study in the third or fourth year of the program. The option also exists to have a number of business electives done abroad.



Minor in French


A minor ("concentration") in French, like a minor in any other subject, requires a minimum of 24 hours, i.e. 8 term courses. No more than 6 hours may be taken at the 1000 level.

You do not have to declare a minor, since the computer programming will generally pick up a subject in which you have 24 hours' worth of credits and consider it your minor, unless you advise otherwise.  However, the French section strongly advises students to do more than the minimum, and also to consider the Program of proficiency in French as an option. In some cases, it is also possible that your minor will serve in a future teaching career, with specific requirements. Please consult with us.


International exchanges and studies at a French-language university

It is strongly recommended that major, honours, and double major students spend the third year of the four-year program in a French-speaking university, in Québec or in France. Students may take part in a direct exchange program at the Université François Rabelais de Tours (France) and spend two semesters studying full-time in Tours (France). Double major BBA/French students participate in a specific exchange program with Groupe ICN, a highly competitive school affiliated with the Université de Nancy (France), where they may obtain a DIM (Diplôme International de Management). Other options, however, are available for business students on an ad hoc basis. The French section will help students wishing to study elsewhere make the necessary arrangements. For English-speaking students intending to study in a French-language Canadian university (and especially in the case of immersion programs) government grants may be available (see Immersion Courses below).

Existing exchange agreements with the universities of Poitiers and Rouen in France make available two lecteur/lectrice positions per year for graduating students. These salaried positions provide a unique opportunity for well-qualified graduating students to enhance their formal Programs of Study - Page 39 academic training by spending a year working in France as a teaching assistant, gaining valuable first-hand experience of French life and culture.